Many scholars have written about the relationship between ibn Saud and his family members. His two most trusted companions in life were his brother Salah and his sister Safiya. They played a key role in his education and upbringing and taught him how to use the Arabic language properly. The two became friends and stayed in constant contact up until his death. A question was raised is when did Saud establish Saudi Arabia. Let’s answer this question!
The truth is that we do not know when he began learning because his diary and letters are poorly preserved. However, the key facts surrounding his life are well known. When doing a scholar like Abu Dhabi read the works of Aristotle, Pliny the Elder, and Seneca? When did he read Seneca’s De Academie which discusses the nature of the soul and when did he read Aristotle’s Topics on the Nature of the Soul? A poem or a sonnet? Some scholars believe that he may have written some of them but these are now lost. We have heard that some of his writings were translated into Persian and some into Greek, but exactly what the authorship was is now lost.
We have learned that al-Saud lived in Sicily when the two philosophers, Aristotle and Plato were tutored by Plato in Athens. Aristotle and Plato then went to Rome, where they became rivals for the greatest minds that ever lived. They argued throughout their lives about which was right. It was only when they reached the age of thirty that they could have been regarded as a sage.
Al-Khanate apparently studied the works of Plotin, Aristotle, Seneca, and Ovid. It is therefore easy to see how al-Khanate’s pupil could have become confused. We also know that al-Khanate was very fond of learning about philosophy. This would have been sufficient to confuse his mind, if he had been studying with an unaccredited school. In any event, it was obvious to all concerned that al-Khanate was a fraud and a dangerous man. In order to remove his fraud from the scene, the Romans expelled him from Rome on charges of using the services of foreign women to launder money.
The question posed by this incident is important, when doing Arab society begin to view intellectuals as potential enemies? If we were to analyze this from another perspective, we could see that the Arab world always viewed themselves as the underdogs in any conflict. They always looked on the west as the enemy and attacked them with fanaticism. However, there were some cases where Arab kings took on the enemies of their religion and slaughtered them.
As far as the scholars in Arabia are concerned, they have never been seen as enemies. Rather, they have always been viewed as a part of the society, a group of equals who’s only mission is to share knowledge and ideas with each other. Intellectuals have always been targeted for killing in many instances. The scholars of Islam have had to live under the threat of death more often than not.
During his time as ruler, when did bin Saad Al-Khanate start to change his mind and become a friend to the scholars of Islam? He had to realize that the intellectual elite of his time was actually the greatest danger to his position. Therefore, he started working very hard to make peace between all the factions and the various sects of Islam.
Was this done with the consultation of his advisor, the great philosopher Abu Taleb? Was he also seeking peace with his critics? If so, what were the results? Did he succeed or fail? To be honest, it’s hard to say, because we don’t even know how he did.
No one can answer this question for sure. What we do know is that bin Saad Al-Khanate made peace with all the factions in Islam, including the scholars. This was in the late thirteenth century. The world’s attention then turned to the rise of Islam’s next Muhammad (SAW), and the expansion of the Islamic Empire. It’s interesting to note that the scholars did not embrace Muhammad (SAW), and the result was that much of the world’s population turned against him, and many scholars have been killed for their ideas.
The information is provided by IBN Saud Website. Thank you for reading!