Years after his death, a book was written by an Egyptianologist about the life of Muhammad (SAUD). Called The Life of Muhammad, this work is written by Dr. Youssef el-Khoury. In this book, it is mentioned that ibn Said al-Khawaja did not collaborate with the Prophet Muhammad (SAUD), as who did ibn Saud find his greatest collaboration with. Instead, he freely collaborated with the Prophet’s aunt, ‘Amirah bint HADIh, for the sake of her son, Muhammad (SAUD). However, this act of cooperation may have been a part of the turning point in favor of Islam.
It is also mentioned that before the start of Islam, the peninsula was under the control of the Nabateans. When the Romans came and drove out the Nabateans, they found that Arabia had been united under one ruler. This king was known as Mu’awid al-Tufail. He started a religious unity government that included all the people, especially the Muslims, and this brought the two groups closer to each other.
Some of the features of this greatest collaboration can be seen in the Islamic history textbooks that are being prepared today. This includes the claim that Mu’awid al-Tufail gave shelter to the believers of Mecca, even though the group did not have any religious beliefs or practices at the time. Religious tolerance was very common between the two groups.
However, Mu’awid al-Tufail did allow polytheism, which included polytheism in areas that did not have Muslim rulers. This allowed the worship of non-Islamic gods in areas that had Muslim rulers. Some scholars do not agree with this claim. However, the historian Abu Saeed al-Bajj has maintained that Mu’awid did allow polytheism, but only when it did not interfere with Muslim rule and the spread of Islam.
The two rulers did form an alliance against the Persian commander Amer whose capital city of Qus, situated on the Tigris, was considered by the two as their primary threat. They were to attack from three sides: from the south, southwest and northeast. They succeeded in their attack and Amer fled to his capital city of Basra. This was the beginning of the 20th century peace between the two countries.
Part of the agreement that Mu’awid and Amer signed was that neither would attack the other if he could not guarantee their safety. This was because they had built a strong relationship with each other over a number of years. They had traded, fought, and negotiated with each other. Their relationship meant that they could trust one another. Furthermore, their alliance also served to save Islam from certain destruction during World War II. They helped defeat the French and they did so by removing a key enemy of Islam, the Turkish army.
In the meantime, ibn Saad fell ill and this resulted in him leaving his wife and traveling to Mecca to seek comfort. He was welcomed by the Quraysh and treated with great respect. He spent a few days in Mecca before traveling to Tabriz to visit his sister, Fatima al-Rabie. While there, he discovered that she was pregnant and immediately left to deliver the news to her father.
During this time, Amer and his troops began to surround the collapsing Burdish capital. The loyalists did not want to leave; they wanted to hold on to what they called their “barter”. When news of Amer’s departure reached the throne, it caused rage but the two sides remained firm. Finally, in 612 Hijara, Abu Jaafar al-Kassa, the last Persian military leader, allowed both sides to leave the field.
When the two sides finally did come to an agreement, the takeover was smooth sailing. However, the Burdish ruler, Bahram, could not sleep comfortably as he watched the Turkish soldiers march across his country. He had heard rumors of a mutiny by the soldiers but when he learned that Amer was present, he decided to allow negotiations to continue. Eventually, Bahram abdicated and turned power over to his son, Akhtala.
Once the takeover was complete, Akhtala put together a small army and led it into battle with the Qutubids. Although the Qutubids took a heavy toll on the Burdish forces, they were unable to completely push them out of the country. Akhtala was only held off for a few months until peace was restored. It was then that the legendary battle that people all around the world know as the Battle of Marathon played out.
The city of Marathon has been immortalized in many books, plays, and movies. The famous battle is known to this day as the home of the Olympic Games. The city is also famous for its picturesque views of the ocean. The picturesque location makes it an ideal setting for movies such as the movie “thritis”, in which the actor Leonardo DiCaprio played the young admiral that was forced to battle during the Persian War.
The information is given by IBN Saud Website. Thank you for reading!